ActiveX - A programming interface (API) that allows web
browsers to download and execute Windows programs.
Apache - An open source web server. Mostly for Unix, Linux
and Solaris platforms. The most common web server (or HTTP
server) software on the Internet.
Applet - A small Java program that can be embedded in an HTML
page. Applets differ from full-fledged Java applications in that
they are not allowed to access certain resources on the local
computer, such as files and serial devices (modems, printers, etc.),
and are prohibited from communicating with most other computers
across a network. The common rule is that an applet can only make an
Internet connection to the computer from which the applet was sent.
ASP (Active Server Pages) - A Microsoft's server-side
scripting technology. An Active Server Page has an .asp extension
and it mixes HTML and scripting code that can be written in VBScript
or JScript. ASP.NET is the next version of ASP. Other popular server-side
scripting languages are Perl, PHP, ColdFusion, TCL, Python, and JSP.
AVI (Audio Video Interleave) - File format for video files.
Video compression technology developed by Microsoft.
Banner Ad - A (most often graphic) advertisement placed on a
web page, which acts as a hyperlink to an advertiser's web site.
Bandwidth - A measure for the amount of data you can send
through an Internet connection. The greater the bandwidth the more
information that can be transferred over that network at one time,
the faster the connection. The term bandwidth also broadly includes
throughput, meaning the amount of data sent.
Blog (weB LOG) - A blog is basically a journal that is
available on the web. The activity of updating a blog is "blogging"
and someone who keeps a blog is a "blogger." Blogs are typically
updated daily using software that allows people with little or no
technical background to update and maintain the blog. Postings on a
blog are almost always arranged in chronological order with the most
recent additions featured most prominently
Client - A software program that is used to contact and
obtain data from a Server software program on another computer,
often across a great distance. EachClient program is designed to
work with one or more specific kinds of Server programs, and each
Server requires a specific kind of Client. A Web Browser is a
specific kind of Client.
Cookie - Information from a web server, stored on your
computer by your web browser. The purpose of a cookie is to provide
information about your visit to the website for use by the server
during a later visit. Cookies might contain information such as
login or registration information, online "shopping cart"
information, user preferences, etc. Cookies are usually set to
expire after a predetermined amount of time and are usually saved in
memory until the Browser software is closed down, at which time they
may be saved to disk if their "expire time" has not been reached.
Cookies do not read your hard drive and send your life story to MI5,
but they can be used to gather more information about a user than
would be possible without them.
CMS (Content Management System) - software which allows a
layman to change the content (but not design) on a web site. A
blogging tool is an example of a Content Management System.
Codec (coder/decoder) - A software package that allows the
conversion and compression of audio and video files. Codecs are
generally used when large file formats need to be viewed over the
CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) - A W3C recommended language for
defining style (such as font, size, color, spacing, etc.) for web
Database - Data stored in a computer in such a way that a
computer program can easily retrieve and manipulate the data.
DHTML (Dynamic HTML) - A term commonly to describe HTML
content that can change dynamically.
DNS (Domain Name Service) - A computer program running on a
web server, translating domain names into IP addresses
Domain Name - The name that identifies a web site. (like:
webmagik.co.uk or google.com)
E-mail Forwarding - A service that directs e-mail messages
sent to one address to another address. E-mail forwarding is
analogous to call forwarding for telephones.
FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions) - FAQs are documents that
list and answer the most common questions on a particular subject.
There are hundreds of FAQs on subjects as diverse as Pet Grooming
and Cryptography. FAQs are usually written by people who have tired
of answering the same question over and over.
Firewall - Software that acts as a security filter that can
restrict types of network communication. Most often used between an
individual computer (or a LAN) and the Internet.
Flash - A vector-based multimedia format developed by
Macromedia for use on the web.
FTP (File Transfer Protocol) - One of the most common methods
for sending files between two computers. It is the method that Web
Magik uses to upload websites to the host.
GIF (Graphics Interchange Format) - A compressed format for
storing images developed by CompuServe. One of the most common image
formats on the Internet.
Filename extension - Last three or four letters of a file
name that appear after the dot. Used to designate the type of file
and the format used.
Flash - Software by Macromedia that enables designers to use
simple vector graphics to create computer animations, which can be
viewed by any browser with the correct plug-in. A bandwidth friendly
and browser independent vector graphic animation technology. As long
as different browsers are equipped with the necessary plugins, Flash
animations will look the same. With Flash, users can draw their own
animations or import other vector based images.
Hits - The number of times a web object (page or picture) has
been viewed or downloaded. (See also Page Hits).
Home Page - The top-level (main) page of a web site. The
default page displayed when you visit a web site.
Host - See Web Host.
Hosting - See Web Hosting.
HTML (Hypertext Markup Language) - HTML is the language of
the web. HTML is a set of tags that are used to define the content,
layout and the formatting of the web document. Web browsers use the
HTML tags to define how to display the text.
HTML Form - A form that passes user input back to the server.
HTTP (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol) - The main protocol used
to transfer and receive data over the World Wide Web. The latest
version of HTTP is 1.1. Basic HTTP transaction involves a WWW
browser connecting to a server, browser sending a request to the
server specifying its capabilities and which document is requested,
server responding with the required data, and closing of the
HTTPS (Hyper Text Transfer Protocol Secure) - Same as HTTP
but provides secure Internet communication using SSL. (see also SSL)
Hyperlink - A pointer to another document. Most often a
pointer to another web page. A hyperlink is a synonym for a hotlink
or a link, and sometimes called a hypertext connection to another
document or web page.
ICANN (Internet Corporation of Assigned Names and Numbers) -
The non-profit organization under U.S. Government contract that
manages the domain name system, accredits and oversees domain name
registrars, and manages root servers.
IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol) - A standard
communication protocol for retrieving e-mails from an e-mail server.
IMAP is much like POP but more advanced.
Intranet - A private (closed) Internet, running inside a LAN
(Local Area Network).
IP (Internet Protocol) - See TCP/IP.
IP Address (Internet Protocol Address) - A unique number
identifying every computer on the Internet (like 126.96.36.199).
Every machine that is on the Internet has a unique IP number.
IPS Tag (Internet Provider Security Tag) - Nominet is the
registry for UK domain names and all hosting companies that host .uk
domains will have an IPS tag (also known as a Nominet Provider tag
or IPS Key) which signifies membership of Nominet. The tag is used
to identify the company responsible for the management of a .uk
domain. It is a single alpha-numeric sequence, in uppercase,
IRC (Internet Relay Chat) - An Internet system that enables
users to take part in on-line discussions.
ISP (Internet Service Provider) - Someone that provides
access to the Internet and web hosting.
internet, developed by Netscape. It is a programming language that
is mostly used in web pages, usually to add features that make the
web page more interactive.
JPEG (Joint Photographic Expert Group) - The organization
that promotes the JPG and JPEG graphic formats for storing
JPEG and JPG - Graphic formats for storing compressed images.
LAN (Local Area Network) - A network between computers in a
local area (like inside a building), usually connected via local
Meta Tags - Tags inserted into documents to describe the
document. Typical uses of Meta tags are to include information for
search engines to help them better categorize a page.
MP3 (MPEG-1 Audio Layer-3) - An audio compression format
specially designed for easy download over the Internet.
MP3 File - An file containing audio compressed with MP3. Most
often a music track.
MPEG (Moving Picture Expert Group) - An ISO standard codec
for computer audio and video.
MPG - Common file extension for MPEG files.
MySQL - Free open source database software and the most
frequently used database used on the web. A fast and efficient
database accessed by PHP.
Name Server - A computer that maps domain names (such as "mycompany.com")
to IP addresses (such as "188.8.131.52"). For a domain name to be
functional, it must be associated with at least one name server.
Page Hits - The number of times a web page has been visited
by a user.
Page Impressions - The same as Page Hits.
Page Views - The same as Page Hits.
PDF - see Portable Document Format.
Perl (Practical Extraction and Reporting Language) - A
scripting language for web servers. Most often used on Unix servers.
PHP (PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor) - A technology allowing the
insertion of server executable scripts in web pages. Mostly for
Unix, Linux and Solaris platforms. It allows webpages to be truly
interactive. PHP is a programming language used almost exclusively
for creating software that is part of a web site. The PHP language
is designed to be intermingled with the HTML that is used to
create web pages. Unlike HTML, the PHP code is read and processed by
the web server software (HTML is read and processed by the web
Ping - A method used to check the communication between two
computers. A "ping" is sent to a remote computer to see if it
Platform - In web terms: The computer's operating system like
Windows, Linux, or OS X.
Plug-In - An application built into another application. In
web terms: A program built in (or added) to a web browser to handle
a special type of data like e-mail, sound, or movie files. (See also
PNG (Portable Network Graphics) - A format for encoding a
picture pixel by pixel and sending it over the web. A W3C
recommendation for replacing GIF.
POP (Post Office Protocol) - A standard communication
protocol for retrieving e-mails from an e-mail server. The current
version is POP3. (See also IMAP).
Port - A number that identifies a computer IO (input/output)
channel. In web terms: A number that identifies the I/O channel used
by an Internet application (A web server normally uses port 80).
document format (PDF) - PDF refers to the Adobe Acrobat’s file
format. Using Adobe Acrobat PDF documents can be created from any
hardware or software platform. This means that your documents are
viewed exactly as they were created without the user having that
program on their computer.
Proxy Server - An Internet server dedicated to improve
Internet performance. A Proxy Server sits in between a Client and
the "real" Server that a Client is trying to use.
QuickTime - A multimedia file format created by Apple.
Redirect - In web terms: The action when a web page
automatically forwards (redirects) the user to another web page.
Registrar - A company that is able to register ".com,"
".net," and ".org" domain names by directly accessing the Central
Domain Name Database. NameSecure is a registrar.
Registrar Transfer - To give a different registrar the
responsibility for maintaining the ownership of a domain name.
RSS (Rich Site Summary or RDF Site Summary or Real Simple
Syndication) - A commonly used protocol for syndication and
sharing of content, originally developed to facilitate the
syndication of news articles, now widely used to share the contents
of blogs. Mashups are often made using RSS feeds. RSS is an
XML-based summary of a web site, usually used for syndication and
other kinds of content-sharing. There are RSS "feeds" which are
sources of RSS information about web sites, and RSS "readers" which
read RSS feeds and display their content to users.
SEO (Search Engine Optimization) - The practice of designing
web pages so that they rank as high as possible in search results
from search engines. There is "good" SEO and "bad" SEO. Good SEO
involves making the web page clearly describe its subject, making
sure it contains truly useful information, including accurate
information in Meta tags, and arranging for other web sites to make
links to the page. Bad SEO involves attempting to deceive people
into believing the page is more relevant than it truly is by doing
things like adding inaccurate Meta tags to the page.
Server - See Web Server.
Shockwave - A format (technology) developed by Macromedia for
embedding multimedia content in web pages.
Shopping Cart - Software that allows users to select products
from a Web catalog, modify their choices, calculate prices, review
their choices, and order them. Many hosts with e-commerce plans
offer installed shopping carts, but you can always get a shopping
cart of your choice instead.
SHTTP (Secure HTTP) - A version of HTTP protocol that uses
encryption to assure that the traffic between the server and the
browser cannot be eveasdropped on. Should be considered mandatory
for all e-commerce applications.
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) - A standard
communication protocol for sending e-mail messages between
SPAM - Unsolicited email sent in mass quantities to multiple
recipients, most often for marketing purposes. Highly annoying and
constituting one of the most serious netiquette violations.
Spider - An automated software that retrieves webpages and
follows the hyperlinks contained in them. Used to generate indexes
used by search engines.
SSI (Server Side Include) - A type of HTML comment inserted
into a web page to instruct the web server to generate dynamic
content. The most common use is to include standard header or footer
for the page. Instructs the server to include some dynamic
information in a Web page before it is sent to a client. This
dynamic information could be current date, an opinion poll, etc.
Many hosts require that SSI pages have .shtml extension to reduce
the load on servers by not having to parse non-SSI pages.
SSL (Secure Socket Layer) - Software to secure and protect
web site communication using encrypted transmission of data.
Static IP (address) - An IP address that is the same each
time connect to the Internet. (See also Dynamic IP).
Streaming - A method of sending audio and video files over
the Internet in such a way that the user can view the file while it
is being transferred.
Streaming Format - The format used for files being streamed
over the Internet.
Subdomain - Subdomain is a way to divide your site into
sections with short and easy to remember names. For example, a
section of this site for clients could be at clients.webmagik.co.uk.
Other use of subdomains might be to let somebody else use your
Large websites might make their subdomains point to another server
to reduce load on the main www site.
TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) - See TCP/IP.
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol) -
A collection of Internet communication protocols between two
computers. The TCP protocol is responsible for an error free
connection between two computers.
TLD (Top Level Domain) - The last (right-hand) part of a
complete Domain Name. For example in the domain name
www.webmagik.co.uk ".co.uk" is the Top Level Domain.
URL (Uniform Resource Locator) - A web address. The standard
way to address web documents (pages) on the Internet (like: http://www.webmagik.co.uk/)
W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) - The organisation
responsible for managing standards for the WWW.
Web-Based E-mail - A service that allows users to send and
receive e-mail (and usually to store e-mail and manage accounts) via
a Web interface.
Web Host - A web server that "hosts" web services like
providing web site space to companies or individuals which houses
Web Hosting - The action of providing web host services. A
service that allows you to upload and store a site's HTML documents
and related files on a Web server. This makes the files available on
the World Wide Web for viewing by the public. Also called site
Webmaster - A person responsible for the maintenance of a
Web Server - A server is a computer that delivers services or
information to other computers. In web terms: A server that delivers
web content to web browsers.
XHTML (Extensible Hypertext Markup Language) - HTML
reformulated as XML. XHTML is the latest version of HTML. Developed
XML (Extensible Markup Language) - A simplified version of
SGML especially designed for web documents, developed by the W3C.